Elevated blood pressure is when the pressure on the arteries and blood vessels becomes too high and the arterial wall becomes distorted causing extra stress on the heart.
Long term-high blood pressure increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and diabetes.
Causes of high blood pressure include a high salt diet, emotional stress, alcohol, caffeine, smoking, obesity, inactivity, birth control pills, and heavy-metal poisoning.
Blood pressure ranges include:
· Normal: Less than 120/80
· Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89
· Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140-159/90-99
· Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above/100 and above
Frequently, there are no symptoms as blood pressure increases but warning signs for very high blood pressure can include chest pains, confusion, headaches, ear noise or buzzing, irregular heartbeat, nosebleeds, tiredness, or vision changes.
Reducing stress can lower blood pressure. Some tips include getting better sleep, scheduling in more free-time and fun, surrounding yourself with encouraging friends and also exercising on a daily basis.
The food we and our close and loved ones consume has the ability to help or hinder high blood pressure.
The main factor that contributes to high blood pressure is sodium retention, especially at an older age.
If you already deal with or are predisposed to hypertension, then you will have to quit some foods and delete them from your shopping list.